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名师点评丨雅思口语到底需要什么样的“模板”?

我们一直强调雅思口语不要背模板,但是仅靠考试时那几分钟临场发挥显然是不现实的,平时素材的积累非常必要。既然要“背”,问题就来了:“背什么?”“如何背?”“怎样才能让考官听不出来背过,从而心甘情愿的给高分?”北语雅思的曾迪老师为你揭晓答案。

(北语雅思原创文章,未经许可严禁转载)

 

9-12月的口语PART 2高频考题中有这么一个题目:

Describe a person in the news that you would like to meet.(你想见到的新闻人物))

You should say:

Who he or she is;(此人是谁)

Why this person showed up in the news; (如何成为新闻人物))

How you would like to meet this person; (如何见到此人)

and explain why you want to meet them. (为什么想见)

 

很多考生反映此题很有难度,一是因为自己平时较少接触社会热点事件,对新闻人物知之甚少,二是即使想好了要说某位重要人物,又不知从何说起,更不用说为何与此人产生共鸣而十分想要见他了。某位大龄考生某次情急之下突然想到了“张海迪”这个人物(估计如今年轻一代已经不太熟悉了,请自行搜索相关信息),但有些关键词汇(如瘫痪、身残志坚、自学针灸、中国残联主席、现投身残奥事业等等)却不知如何准确表达,最后只能草草几句应付了事。

我想,有类似经历的考生应该不在少数,这其中根本原因在于考生在有限时间内选材范围不够发散,能想到的新闻人物不是在中国家喻户晓但外国人了解不多(如Angelababy),就是某位外国知名人物(如曼德拉,盖茨或C·罗纳尔多)但缺乏对其背景知识的掌握。其实,考生应该将上述两种情况加以结合,也就是找一个中国人耳熟能详且在国外有相当知名度的新闻人物,才能确保自己有话可说,同时还能被考官所接受。

 

这样的人物哪里去找呢?我们其实可以从美国《时代周刊》(TIME MAGAZINE)每年评选出的百大全球最具影响力人物榜(TIME 100)中找到线索。近两年中国入围的人物主要有:阿里巴巴创始人马云、腾讯创始人马化腾、演员姚晨以及网球运动员李娜等。考生需注意,回答此类问题时千万不要过度堆砌他们的事迹,而要严格遵循题目本身要求,合理安排叙述内容,重点放在后两个问题上。例如:

 

 

 

 


Jack Ma(马云)

 

 

  • one of China’s most successful business leaders / one of the richest people in the world (高级词汇:influential business tycoon 有影响力的商业巨头)

  • He gave a presentation in a global forum, and planned to invest a lot of money to improve China’s environment. (高级词汇:He also encouraged more companies to have corporate social responsibility 企业要有社会责任感)

  • I’d like to meet him for lunch in a decent restaurant, because I’ve heard that people need to pay thousands of dollars to do so, and he is always kept very busy.

  • He used to be an English teacher before setting up his own business, so I would ask him what made him decide to change his career. / I am also thinking of setting up an e-commerce platform like the way he did, so I’d like him to share with me some of his successful stories or business ideas.

 

 


Yao Chen

 

 

  • Chinese actress. Many people say she is China’s Angelina Jolie.

  • In 2013, she was named a Goodwill Ambassador of the United Nations, the first from China.She has done a lot to help some social issues for the Chinese-speaking world.

  • People say she has a big and nice house, so I’d like to meet her there.

  • She has as many as 78 million followers in her microblog, so I want to ask her how she managed to get so popular, and if most of the articles were written by her, because I really don't think she has plenty of time to do this as a busy entertainer. / Another thing is, I’ve heard that many rich people have promised to donate most of their money to charity when they get old, so I want to ask her if she would like to do the same. (这个问题马云也同样适用)

 

 


Li Na

 

 

  • Chinese tennis player. She retired in 2014. (高级词汇:As far as I can remember, she won two Grand Slam champions in her career and reached world number two in 2014. This is the best-ever record for Asian players in world tennis. 她曾获两次大满贯冠军,世界排名第二,这是亚洲网球选手在国际网坛最好的成绩)

  • Earlier this year, she was invited by an English language training centre to make an advertisement. (高级词汇:She appeared on TV to endorse an online English learning course for a company. 她在电视上为英语学习产品代言). Actually it wasn’t surprising to me, because she has done it for different products so many times after becoming world-famous.

  • I am learning to play tennis, so I’dlike to meet her in a tennis court one day and hopefully she could teach me how to play.

  • If I met her, I would like her to tell me about the secrets of her success. / I want to know what it feels like not to play professional tennis anymore, because some famous athletes say they seem to have lost the focus in life after saying goodbye to the sport they love.

 

精彩内容

北语雅思在课堂上要求学员不要硬背各类模板,提供内部口语写作素材时也是慎之又慎。我们希望学员在理解的基础上熟读素材并加入自己的看法,以这些素材为蓝本在日常学习中注意总结,开阔思路,真正提高表达和沟通能力。考试中如果遇到类似话题不要一字不差地背诵(基础一般的考生轻易不要挑战“高级词汇”),而要将相关内容尽量用自己的话以讲故事的口吻重新叙述出来,并适当加以发挥,这样才能做到考试流畅表达。

 

雅思考官个个火眼金睛,不出几句就能觉察到考生是否在背书,然后用极富挑战性的问题(很多PART 3的问题都是考官临场发挥的)让他们“露馅”,各位考生如果不想“葬身火海”的话就赶快按我们建议的方式积极备考吧,胜利永远属于愿意付出努力并且知道如何努力的人!

名师简介


曾迪老师

北语雅思培训中心教学主管,官方授权培训国内雅思教师,擅长高分段雅思听力、雅思写作及托福听力等课程,能够巧妙结合考试技能、日常交际与学术研究,帮助学生迅速提高成绩,并为留学生活打好语言基础。